In nature, there are three types of hydrangeas: arborea, paniculata and for garden. In this article we will tell you about Hydrangea paniculata.
Hydrangea paniculata – it is abundantly blooming shrub up to 1.8 - 2 m. He lives in the eastern countries, China, Japan, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.
Hydrangea paniculata is a shrub with large flowers, unlike the clematis which is curly.
The genus has several species, where this hydrangea is adapted for indoor and its size is several times smaller than their relatives. Its flowers are gathered in inflorescences cone and are blooming on young shoots.
Hydrangea paniculata can grow in harsh climates and can spend the winter at -25 degrees.
Flowering lasts from mid-summer until the beginning of frosts. It can spend the winter without shelter on the outside. The flowers are of two types of unisexual and bisexual. Bisexual flowers after self-pollination are dropping petals.
The inflorescence appears only on the shoots which have grown during the current year. The shrub is growing rapidly.
There are several varieties; the most popular will be discussed further.
Hydrangea paniculata has some superiority among many like her kinds:
- It is resistant to strong frosts and not requires special care during winter. Some kinds of can withstand up to - 30 degrees, due to the complete maturation of the shoots.
- The long flowering period. Starting from June to October (before the first frost).
- Hydrangea blooms abundantly and beautifully. The flowers appear on each young shoots. The flowers on the same bush can be of different colors. It all depends on how you take care of the flower. Next we will tell it all.
- It is not demanding to care for. Hydrangeas need to a right watering, appropriate soil and crop the in a timely manner. It is not choosy to the habitat.
- Она не требовательна в уходе. Гортензии нуждаются в правильном поливе, соответствующей почвы и обрезать своевременно. Он не привередливы к среде обитания.
- Flower propagated easy. It propagated usually by cuttings and the probability of success is very high.
- The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, which often detracts from the appearance or the flower dies.
- It is used in flower compositions and for landscaping.
Hydrangea paniculata - varieties
Vanille Fraise. This is inflorescence large round shape with a pink color. The height of the bush is up to 2 m.
Limelight. It is a great inflorescence is a round shape with a yellow-green color. Height of the plant is up to 2 meters.
Great Star. It is round inflorescence with long the petals up to 8 cm in diameter. The shrub blooms white and cream-colored flowers with the original form. The height of this type is 1.8 m.
Magical Fire. Flowers round shape bright burgundy color. The plant reaches a height up to 1.7 m.
Magical Moonlight. The flowers are collected in inflorescence cone shape. Flowering is white-green color. It is often has a yellow hue. The height of the bush is 1.8-2 m.
Hydrangea paniculata: planting and care
Hydrangea can grow in the sun and in partial shade. You need to choose a sheltered place from the wind. If Hydrangea paniculata is constantly growing in the shade, the flowers will not fully disclose, and the color fades. Choose is nutritious soil. The sandy soils are not suitable for bush growth. The plant can grow in swampy areas. It is quite well tolerated polluted and dusty environment.
Flower likes the constant moisture. In the hot period you need to be watered regularly and keep the soil moist. The drying up of the soil leads to the death of the flower. The shrub watering is not on the leaves and the roots. In the hot period is necessary on 1 sq. m. 30 liters of water each day. In the water you can add a few drops of potassium permanganate as a fertilizer. Moisture will remain longer if put sawdust or dry leaves around the roots.
Ground for all kinds of hydrangea needs to create clayey and sour. If the ground is alkaline, there is a possibility of the disease of leaves.
You need to add to the soil iron sulfate and ammonium sulfate, around the roots put the peat and coniferous litter what would increase the acidity. For the bush is necessary fertile soil.
Reproduction Hydrangea paniculata is propagated in two ways, but it is now an easy and effective way to second. We will talk about two methods of reproduction.
Lateral stems As a rule, are using growth stimulator for a successful outcome because this method does not always bring results. Gardeners one of the branches bends down to the ground and fixed to the ground, pre is necessary to make a small pit. The procedure is done in spring or late summer.
Tap must be covered with soil and abundantly is watered. The soil should be kept constantly moist. For fixing is made a homemade wooden or metal frame then is tied a branch to it.
A branch from the parent bush can be cut off after the winter, when it formed its own roots. The branch must feed themselves.
Young hydrangea is transplanted in the right place with the earth after full rooting.
Reproduction by cuttings. Hydrangea paniculata need to constantly trim. Clipped shoots can be used as cuttings for propagation.
Shoots for reproduction choose only completely ripened and stiff. It is placed in the water for a few days and then cut off the stalk. The cut must have at least 3 knots.
Before planting, it is soaked in a growth stimulator and planted in a pot with soil. The cut deepened into the ground a few cm.
Soil composition: sand and peat in equal proportions. The pot is covered with plastic wrap.
If you are using cuttings from green shoots they must be cut off at the end of June, are planted in a pot and cover with plastic wrap, or are placed in a mini greenhouse.
Soil are using from river sand and peat (1:2). At first in the pot is poured peat, then on top of the sand. The cutting is rooted in the sand. You need to constantly maintain a stable humidity and above-zero temperature not above15 degrees, until the spring.
The plant is transplanted in the garden after 1 year after the emergence of new shoots. The plant is completely covered with plastic wrap from above the first 2-3 years, during the winter. Resistance to frost will appear after the appearance of the first flowers.
How to to trim hydrangea
Pruning is carried out at the end of March, or after the end of the frost. Flower will be weak and cannot bloom if it is to trim in late spring.
The intensity of the cutting bush will affect the profusion of flowering. As a rule most of the shoots are cut off (most mature) and leave 3-5 buds.
In the old bush is cut off completely all the shoots and branches should be left with only 3 buds. The flowers are plucked the first 2 years. Young bush will save power and to grow rapidly. It will bloom beautiful and strong for the next year.
Preparing for winter
Hortense does not require additional shelter against frost. If the winter temperature drops below 15 degrees the roots can be frozen then you need to put humus (or make natural insulation) around the roots. You can put around the bush a mixture of peat and leaves at least 20 cm thick.
Hydrangea paniculata color
You can achieve the desired color of flowers, if you make some of our recommendations. There are ready-made at the store dyes that are added to the water and the color of the flowers will be constantly changing.
For blue colors is make acidic soil. For this purpose, two times a week crystals iron or aluminum is added to water. But white inflorescences are not affected.
For more blue flowers, into the ground is put a small object from iron. Alternatively, shavings from iron pour into the ground around the bush.
For pink is make slightly alkaline soil. For this is added potassium permanganate. Also you can add peat to the water to saturated color.
If you make one of the above described procedures on the one hand the bush and the other procedure with the other side of the bush, you can achieve multi-colored flowering on the same hydrangea.
For example metal shavings pour from only one side of the bush and pour with water with a pink dye on the other side of the bush.
The high probability gets blue-pink flowers with white color.
The plant is required to fertilize.
Methods of fertilizer:
- The manure that is necessary to dilute water. If the concentration is large, inflorescences will be fragile.
- Ready-made fertilizers, which are used according to instruction.
For abundant blooms you need: superphosphate, potassium sulfate and urea. All components are taken in equal proportions to 30 grams each. You need to mix everything and pour the entire capacity by 1 sq. M. the earth around the roots.
Scrub need to fertilize 4 times during the season. In winter, do not add fertilizer.
Hydrangea paniculata are fertilized the first time in the spring before the appearance of buds, right after frost.
Also are making fertilizer in late spring, when the buds are actively ripen.
For a long period of flowering and preventing falling of the petals are added mineral fertilizers in the summer.
In the autumn of are making fertilizer without nitrogen content.
All the components must be taken in the right amounts, if you cook the fertilizer yourself. The overabundance of any component may lead to the death of hydrangeas.
Pests and diseases
The flower is stable enough to the defeat the pests, but sometimes they can affect the bush.
Mealybugs. To remove it from the surface of the leaves is used fundazol drug. It is diluted in water in a proportion of 20 grams per 10 liters. You can use Bordeaux mixture of 80 grams per 10 liters of water.
Aphids sometimes amaze plant. For the destruction is used 200 grams of peeled garlic, which is diluted with 10 liters of water and give the it brew for 2 hours. Before use, you need to add 50 grams of tar of soap.
All of the above drugs are used 1 time per week for spraying above the bush, while the pests do not will disappear.
Hydrangea paniculata is used in the composition of dried flowers. The flowers during the maximum disclosure are cut off and dried. The inflorescence should be in the upright position until the flowers are completely dry.
If you want a different color flowers on the same bush, you need to prepare the ground in advance.
Pre-pit must be divided by a partition where will be planted shrub. In every part of the pit is filled a different composition of soil.
If you use an acidic and alkaline soil, you get the expected result.
You can water individually both parts of the land. For this purpose, into the water is necessary to add various colorants.