Monstera is an evergreen tropical plant, liana. It grows in wild nature in the tropical forests of America, in the south of Brazil and in Mexico.
Its name "monstera" consonant with the word "monstrum- monster" that means bizarre, frightening and a huge plant. Appearance monstera is described just so.
Monstera leaves are shaped like a heart; they are quite large and beautiful, rich green color. Around the perimeter of the leaves are arranged symmetrical cuts. The leaves are smooth and shiny. There the length up to one meter.
This genus includes about 50 species. Flowers monstera are white. Fruits look like an ear of corn. The fruits taste reminiscent of pineapple and can be eaten. Monstera indoors cannot blossom. Gardeners love it because of its elegant dark green leaves.
Monstera are family of lianas, therefore you need to use special supports to give it a vertical form and to save space in the room.
Monstera Deliciosa - care inside
For successful growth in home conditions you need to create conditions that are most similar to the natural environment where monstera lives. It is not whimsical to care but does not tolerate direct sunlight. You need to be watered regularly and observe the temperature regime correctly.
Monster indoors is put near windows on the east or west, where there are as much as possible bright and diffused light and no direct sunlight. If you put a pot on the north side, it will not be enough light, but on the south side of the sun may be surplus.
External signs, if the room is not enough light:
- small leaves
- weak and thin air roots
Conditions suitable if the leaf color is rich and beautiful with deep cuts.
The ideal temperature range is 15-20 degrees. The plant will be actively grown, if the ambient temperature is above 15 degrees. It suspends growth if temperature falls below 12 degrees. You need to reduce watering at low temperatures for continuing growth. Avoid drafts.
Soil and humidity
Soil should be with humus and sand. The pot are buying big. At the bottom of the pot is placed a layer of drainage. Drainage is made of small clay pellets. Monstera is very fond of regular spraying with an atomizer. Water is used at room temperature without lime, which must settle for several hours.
For watering is used precipitated water. The water temperature should be 18-20 degrees. Watering is increased in the period when the monstera is actively growing. Usually this occurs from spring to autumn. Re- is watered when the top layer of soil has dried up. If the top layer of soil has dried up, the plant re-watered.
In winter, is watered once every few days and allow the soil dry out slightly. You need to control, so that the soil is not too wet, otherwise the roots will rot. Too dry soil is also bad for the flower.
The plants up to 3 years old are transplanted each year. Earth in a pot during the transplant completely is replaced. The plants those more than 3 years old are transplanted every 3-4 years, if the pot is too small in diameter.
Monstera propagate in several ways: seeds, cuttings, top.
Seed. Seeds for successful germination are required bright warm room. Sprout with the first leaves will appear during the month, but it still does not have slots. Adult leaves appear after six months. Further care is simple - yearly pruning and transplant.
Cuttings. Monster is propagated by cuttings from spring to early summer. You need to cut off sprout with 2-3 leaves. The place where the stalk was cut is sprinkled with charcoal. The stalk is planted into a pot which is placed in a mini greenhouse. It is watered 2 times a day. The plant should be transplanted into another pot when the roots appear.
Monstera`s tip. You need to cut off the top and put in water for rooting. Water is used boiled and often change. Activated carbon is dissolved in the water to prevent rotting of the sheet. A lot of roots will be contributed to the rapid emergence of leaves.
Monstera is fertilized several times a month during the growing season. If you did not do the transplant, you need to remove the top layer of soil and fill fresh ground with the addition of fertilizer. The plant does not require fertilizers during the winter otherwise it will lead to negative results.
Monstera is quite resistant to pests. It is often gets infected due to beside growing plants. The pests appear if violated care and watering.
Mealybug - it resembles lumps of cotton wool, which are located on the bottom of the sheets. The plant loses its leaves and stop growing. The first thing you need to do if there are signs of pest attacks - to isolate the plant and spray with a special solution on the sucking pests several times.
Spider mite - is a small red spider. First signs: pale spots on the leaves and the slowly withering away of the leaves. Pest is removed using specialized drug. For prevention is often sprayed with the settled water.
Diseases occur if wrong care or watering.
If the leaves are dry and fall off - is too hot. You need to move the Monstera away from direct heat or sunlight and often sprayed with water.
If the stalks are rotting in the winter - the soil is much waterlogged.
The leaves become yellow, dries and on the surface appear brown spots - moisture is not enough.
Leaves are small and faded - not enough light.
Monstera quickly loses its leaves - the lack of nutrients.
Care Monstera Deliciosa not difficult.
The basic rule - the humidity in the room must be constantly high and there should be no drafts.
It is feels well after the transplant, quickly adapts and renews its active growth.
The only problem is its relatively big size.
Gardeners not recommend growing the plant in small indoors.