Adenium is a small shrub. It grows in the deserts of Saudi Arabia, Central or South America, so it is the second name of "Desert Rose". Beautiful pink and white flowers on roses are not similar.
Adenium is flowering throughout the year. Caudex - a special thickening at the base of the trunk, many people perceive it as an indoor bonsai.
Unscrupulous florists offer people buy Adenium flowers of different colors and combinations. There are not black, blue, orange, purple and crimson colors Adenium in nature.
Representatives of the family "Apocynaceae" have thick trunks. It is thick at the base, a large part of the trunk underground. Leaves are velvety, shiny. The flowers are big. Leaves are of different forms depending on the type of plant. Leaves are oblong, green, pointed.
Adenium (Desert Rose) Basic Care
Adenium: Care at home is easy. Its natural habitat is tropical countries, so it feels good in the apartment.
This plant needs to direct sunlight.
Recommended: Adenium should be regularly rotated around, for proportional growth. In the summer, the plant need to brought into the fresh air, on the sunny side.
The flower grows excellent in warm indoor conditions. In the autumn, the temperature decreases to 59-66.2 degrees F (15-19° C), begins a rest period. At this time, part of the plant drops leaves. In winter, the room temperature should not fall below 50 F (10° C).
In summer Adenium prefers regular watering. Follow the moderate soil moisture, overwetting for flower dangerous. Between watering must necessarily drying of topsoil because it will root rot.
During the winter watering very careful watering Adenium depending on the ambient temperature.
At a temperature of 59-69.8 F (15-21°C) watering should be limited, when the ground is dry completely.
When the Desert Rose comes out of dormancy, careful watering the first time, use a small amount of water.
If Adenium during the rest was dry, watering start a few weeks later, after the growth of kidney wake up, and the plant will start to grow.
Humidity in the room for the flower is not significant. Desert Rose prefers spraying from a spray during the growing season. You must make sure that during the flowering period, water does not flow in flowers, otherwise it will lose the a decorative look.
Young Adenium transplanted each year. Plants over 3 years repotting in one year, but the top layer the ground are changing every year. The plant is watering one week after transplantation. Drainage of small keramsit necessarily laid on the bottom of the pot.
In the winter - autumn period, Adenium does not require fertilizer. In the spring - summer period, supplying soil nutrients once every 3 weeks a special fertilizer for cacti.
Desert Rose propagated in several ways: by cuttings, seeds, air layering.
By cuttings - propagated by cuttings must be no less than 0.33 ft. 10 cm, and the cut must be thoroughly dry (a few days) and treat a stimulant for the growth of roots.
It is rooted in water or a mix of the crushed charcoal, sand and perlite.
The capacity with haft closed glass envelope for long-term preservation of humidity.
Rooting temperature should be 73-79 degrees F (23-26°C).
Seeds - before sowing the seeds are soaked in water for a few hours. Then it has sown in the mix of the crushed charcoal, sand and perlite.
After sowing the seeds are placed in a mini greenhouse and keep in a warm, lighted room.
Air layering - is applied to the stems at least 2 cm in diameter. This method is recommended in the active growing season.
Instruction the use of air layering - a sharp knife makes a circular incision. Then cut dried and treated with a rooting stimulant.
The cut is necessary wrap wet sphagnum moss and wrapped with polyethylene (opaque).
Sphagnum moss should regularly moisturize.
About a month later, the scion will appear roots.
After this appendage can be completely separated from the main ademium flower and you can plant it in the ground.
Insects and diseases
Adenium is attacked by these insects, Quadraspidiotus perniciosus, mealybug and rot kaudeksa.
Caudex rot affects both young and mature plant. The cause of this excessive waters the flower.
The main symptoms of diseases rose desert sharply lower leaves turn yellow and then fall off.
If you press down your finger near the soil on the caudex it becomes soft. Avoid this problem will decrease in the volume of watering in winter and in cloudy weather.